The AnkiDroid Collection (Part 6) – Philology, René Descartes & Gnosticism

Ankidroid additions related to Science, History and Philosophy. You can find more information about Ankidroid in my post – Learning a Second Language and Ankidroid.


Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is the intersection of textual criticism, literary criticism, history, and linguistics.

René Descartes

A French-born philosopher, mathematician and scientist who is regarded as one of the founders of modern philosophy. He increased the attention of epistemology and laid the foundation of 17th century rationalism, known as the ‘Age of Reason’. He coined, ‘I think, therefore I am‘. This and Isaac Newton’s 1687 ‘Principia Mathematica’ is said to have marked the beginning of the Enlightenment (European Intellectual and Scholarly Movement 17th and 18th Centuries).


A first century AD early religious sect who emphasised personal and spiritual knowledge over orthodoxed teachings.

During the first three centuries of Christianity, there was no central authority until after the conversion of Roman emperor Constantine the Great in 312 CE (see previous post about the fall of the Roman empire). Christian communities taught many different views. In the 2nd century CE, some groups, now collectively referred to as Gnostic Christians, claimed to have access to ‘secret knowledge’ about the nature of the universe, the nature of Christ, and what his appearance on earth meant to believers.

“The more I live, the more I learn. The more I learn, the more I realize, the less I know.”- Michel Legrand

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