The AnkiDroid Collection (Part 9) – Bosons, Zeitgeist & Ludwig Boltzmann

Ankidroid additions related to Science, History and Philosophy.
You can find more information about Ankidroid in my post – Learning a Second Language and Ankidroid.


Bosons are a type of force field of nature which can oscillate wildly, so they can effectively pile up on top of each other. They describe forces or acting on between ‘Fermions‘ such as gravitons. For more information about this subject I can point you to this presentation by Sean Carroll – What is Higgs Boson? – Sean Carroll discusses the God Particle. The discovery of the Higgs Boson was made in 2012 in the the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva. In the above video Sean talks about this greatest machinery ever built at 21.00 minutes onwards.


Zeitgeist is an 18th – 19th century German philosophical term referring to the ‘spirit of the age’. It’s an invisible agent or force dominating the characteristics of a given epoch in world history. Eg..the free love, progressive thinking of the 60’s.

Ludwig Boltzmann (1844 – 1906)

Ludwing Boltzmann was an Austrian physicist and philosopher who predicted how the physical properties of atoms (such as mass, charge and structure) determine the physical properties of matter (such as viscosity – thickness, thermal conductivity and diffusion). The second law of Thermodynamics (entropy) is due to to his view that the second law is probably a world of mechanically colliding particles and disordered states.

“The more I live, the more I learn. The more I learn, the more I realize, the less I know.”- Michel Legrand

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