Ankidroid additions related to Science, History and Philosophy. More information about Anki can be found in this article.
‘Philodemic’ is characterised by a love for the ordinary person (Love for the people). It also relates to the name of the Philodemic Society (founded 1830), a student debating organization at Georgetown University. The society’s first debate was on the topic of “Napoleon Bonaparte or General Washington: Which was the better man?“
Stochastic is used to describe having a random probability distribution. It was originally used as an adjective with the definition “pertaining to conjecturing”, and stemming from a Greek word meaning “to aim at a mark, guess”, and the Oxford English Dictionary gives the year 1662 as its earliest occurrence.
A coherent stochastic theory of quantum mechanics was put forward by Hungarian physicist Imre Fényes who was able to show the Schrödinger equation could be understood as a kind of diffusion equation for a Markov process. Louis de Broglie felt compelled to incorporate a stochastic process underlying quantum mechanics to make particles switch from one pilot wave to another. While on the subject of quantum mechanics, I’ll point you to my favourite video – The Secret Of Quantum Physics: Einstein’s Nightmare (Jim Al-Khalili).
Calumny is the making of false and defamatory statements about someone in order to damage their reputation; slander; defamation. ie ‘He was the target of calumny for his unpopular beliefs‘.
Calumny was first recorded in 1400–50; late Middle English, from Latin calumnia, equivalent to calumn-, perhaps originally a participle of calvī “to deceive”.