The AnkiDroid Collection (Part 15) – Philodemic, Stochastic & Calumny

Ankidroid additions related to Science, History and Philosophy. More information about Anki can be found in this article.


Georgetown’s Philodemic Society, 1952

‘Philodemic’ is characterised by a love for the ordinary person (Love for the people). It also relates to the name of the Philodemic Society (founded 1830), a student debating organization at Georgetown University. The society’s first debate was on the topic of “Napoleon Bonaparte or General Washington: Which was the better man?


Stochastic is used to describe having a random probability distribution. It was originally used as an adjective with the definition “pertaining to conjecturing”, and stemming from a Greek word meaning “to aim at a mark, guess”, and the Oxford English Dictionary gives the year 1662 as its earliest occurrence.

A coherent stochastic theory of quantum mechanics was put forward by Hungarian physicist Imre Fényes who was able to show the Schrödinger equation could be understood as a kind of diffusion equation for a Markov process. Louis de Broglie felt compelled to incorporate a stochastic process underlying quantum mechanics to make particles switch from one pilot wave to another. While on the subject of quantum mechanics, I’ll point you to my favourite video – The Secret Of Quantum Physics: Einstein’s Nightmare (Jim Al-Khalili).


Calumny is the making of false and defamatory statements about someone in order to damage their reputation; slander; defamation. ie ‘He was the target of calumny for his unpopular beliefs‘.
Calumny was first recorded in 1400–50; late Middle English, from Latin calumnia, equivalent to calumn-, perhaps originally a participle of calvī “to deceive”.

“The more I live, the more I learn. The more I learn, the more I realize, the less I know.”- Michel Legrand

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4 comments on “The AnkiDroid Collection (Part 15) – Philodemic, Stochastic & Calumny
  1. Thank goodness! I thought Stochastic might end up being stoical chastity. We were always taught (at school) that “Detraction” had a T in it for Truth, and “Calumny” had an L in it for Lies.

    • I was just writing a reply to your Barton post now. Your response here was fascinating and I had to look up more about it. ‘An important difference between detraction and calumny is at once apparent. The caluminator says what he knows to be false, whilst the detractor narrates what he at least honestly thinks is true.’
      You a smart cookie Bruce! ;¬)

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