The AnkiDroid Collection (Part 17) – Extraneous, Pluralism & Missive

Ankidroid additions related to Science, History and Philosophy. More information about Anki can be found in this article.

Extraneous (adj.)

“Not belonging or proper to a thing; not intrinsic or essential, though attached; foreign,” 1630s, from Latin extraneus “external, strange,” literally “that is without, from without” (as a noun, “a stranger”), from extra “outside of” (see extra-). A doublet of strange. Related: Extraneously.


Pluralism is a condition or system in which two or more states, groups, sources of authority coexist. The political philosophy of pluralism suggests that we really can and should “all just get along.” First recognized as an essential element of democracy by the philosophers of Ancient Greece, pluralism permits and even encourages a diversity of political opinion and participation.

Pluralism assumes that its practice will lead decision-makers to negotiate solutions that contribute to the “common good” of the entire society. It recognizes that in some cases, the acceptance and integration of minority groups should be achieved and protected by legislation, such as civil rights laws. The theory and mechanics of pluralism are also applied in the areas of culture and religion.


A letter, especially long or official. “yet another missive from the Foreign Office“. [From Middle English (letter) missive, (letter) sent (by superior authority), from Medieval Latin (litterae) missīvae, feminine pl. of missīvus, sent, from Latin missus, past participle of mittere, to send .]

“The more I live, the more I learn. The more I learn, the more I realize, the less I know.”- Michel Legrand

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